The Montessori method of education was developed by Dr. Maria Montessori at the turn of the 20th century. She developed her method by working with and observing children both with and without disabilities.
Montessori In a Nutshell
- The child’s mental development occurs similarly to his physical development.
- In a nurturing environment, the body grows according to the plan of nature. Likewise, the environment plays a crucial role in the child’s mental development.
- It is through hands-on experience that the child develops his mental powers.
- The role of the adult is to collaborate with the child, acting as a bridge between him and the environmental experiences that will lead him towards independence.
Fun Facts About Maria Montessori
- Dr. Maria Montessori was the first Italian woman to become a doctor, in 1896.
- During her time at the Orthophrenic School in Italy, Dr. Montessori, using materials that she developed, helped children with disabilities to fare better on the 1901 state examination than children without disabilities.
- Dr. Montessori opened her first Casa de Bambini in 1907 in Rome as a daycare for children. It was here that she wrote her first book, The Discovery of the Child.
- Ghandi wrote to Dr. Montessori in 1931 to express his support for her work.
- Dr. Montessori traveled throughout several continents, giving lectures and training others in her methods.
- Dr. Montessori wrote over a dozen books, including scientific, moral, and religious works.
- As a Catholic, Dr. Montessori addressed the spiritual life of children.